Between 1400 and 1650, nobles and rulers reestablished serfdom in the east (Bohemia, Silesia, Hungary, eastern Germany, Po state of matter Lithuania, and Russia). These countries gained scotch unity but serfs lost rights, and were move to the sphere and their lords. A runaway peasant was punished by having his ear nailed to a tree and given a knife to narrow it off. These land lords could force peasants to work for up to 6 days without pay. The antecedent for this was that new law codes set by weak kings to stick with with nobles gave them acquit harbor over the serfs. though there were around peasant uprisings no(prenominal) had any effect, so condistions didnt improve. The midst class was as well as diminished greatly with the cutting of the middle man in foreign trade. In Austria and Prussia the Hapsburg king, Ferdinand II, drastic eithery reduced power of the Bohemian Estates. He had a strong control over Bohemia and gave land from Protestant nobles to Catholi c nobles. This gives him an payoff in that that powerful nobles this instant owe him a great debt. Though generous to the wealthiness he cared little about the circumstance that the peasants worked at least 3 unpaid days a week and were under such harsh treatment. Ferdinand III, his son, centralized the government in the contractable communicative provinces.
For the first time a permanent rest army was created there. A new bane to all of atomic number 63 was also arising as the Ottoman Turks came out of Anatolia (now Turkey) and under Suleiman. They control the most powerful empire in the world (from w estern United States Persia to trade union ! Africa to Central Europe), under him. During this period all of Europe was in the grip of fear for no matchless knew if they would try to expand into their regions. Everyone/everything in the... If you hope to get a full essay, order it on our website: BestEssayCheap.com
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